Libona is a 3rd Class Municipality in the Province of Bukidnon, Mindanao, Philippines. According to the Population Commission 2000 census data, it has a population density of 35,670 people in 6,459 households.
According to history, gold flourished in the locality, that people from the neighboring towns drove to this place to hunt for the gold in their quest for fame and fortune.
On January 17, 1817, A Spanish Soldier who went on patrol with an assigned task to write down the names of the places he would come across along within the course of his mission, happened to pass by a group of men who were digging gold on one of the gold mines. Uttered in Spanish, the soldier inquired about the name of the place. The native who did not understand Spanish language, thought that the soldier was just asking how many gold stones they have already gathered. In response, they answered “libo na” meaning there were thousands already. The Spanish soldier jotted the word “Libona” in his record book believing it was the name of the locality.
Libona was once a Barangay of Maluko, now the Municipality of Manolo Fortich, Bukidnon, which was converted under EO No. 5 dated April 4, 1917 issued by then acting Governor Ponciano C. Reyes of the defunct Department of Mindanao and Sulu, into a Municipality. Due to its progress in both the socio-economic and political infrastructure. Libona was finally able to separate itself from her mother municipality when it was granted political identity. Former President Carlos P. Garcia, issued EO No. 272, dated October 4, 1957 declared Libona as stand-alone Municipality. By virtue of the said order, Libona became the 14th municipality in the province of Bukidnon.
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